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Anemia

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BASICS
If you have anemia, people may say you have tired blood. That's because anemia – is a condition in which there aren't enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your tissue, which in turn can make you feel tired.
 
There are many forms of anemia, each with its own cause. Anemia can be temporary or long term, and it can range from mild to severe.
 
ANEMIA SYMPTOMS
The main anemia symptom is fatigue. Other anemia symptoms include:
 
  • Weakness
  • Pale skin
  • A fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Cognitive problems
  • Numbness or coldness in your extremities
  • Headache
     
    Initially, anemia can be so mild it goes unnoticed. But anemia symptoms increase as the condition worsens
     
    IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA
    Iron deficiency anemia is the most common nutritional disorder in the world. According to the World Health Organization 30% of the total world's population is anemic. In the developing world the numbers may be a lot higher.
     
    Symptoms of IDA include:
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Headache
  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Craving for ice or clay
  • Weight loss.
    At A Glance - Anemia
    Basics
    Anemia symptoms
    Anemia treatment – nutrition for adults.
    Anemia treatment – nutrition for children and women
    Anemia treatment – when to seek medical advice
     
     
     
    If you suspect you have iron deficiency anemia, see your doctor. Anemia can be a sign of serious illnesses. Anemia treatments range from taking supplements to undergoing medical procedures. You may be able to prevent some types of anemia by eating a healthy and balanced diet.
     
    ANEMIA TREATMENT – NUTRITION FOR ADULTS
    To avoid iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemia we recommend your eating a healthy, balanced diet that includes foods rich in iron, folate and vitamin B-12.
     
    The best sources of iron are lean animal protein / meats. Other foods rich in iron include beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, dried fruit, nuts and seeds. Folate, and its synthetic form, folic acid, can be found in dark green leafy vegetables, legumes and fortified breakfast cereals.
     
    Vitamin B-12 is plentiful in meat and dairy products. Foods containing vitamin C, such as citrus fruits, help increase iron absorption.
     
    ANEMIA TREATMENT – NUTRITION FOR CHILDREN AND WOMEN
    Eating plenty of iron-containing foods is particularly important for people who have high iron requirements, such as children - iron is needed during growth spurts - and pregnant and menstruating women. Adequate iron intake is also crucial for infants, strict vegetarians and long-distance runners.
     
    ANEMIA TREATMENT – WHEN TO SEEK MEDICAL ADVICE
    See your doctor if you're feeling fatigued for unexplained reasons, especially if you're at risk of anemia due to a poor diet, or pre-existing health condition where you are recovering from a surgery or cancer treatment. But don't assume that if you're tired, you must be anemic. Fatigue has many causes besides anemia.
     
    Some people learn that their hemoglobin is low, which indicates anemia, when they go to donate blood. Low hemoglobin may be a temporary problem remedied by eating more iron-rich foods or taking a multivitamin containing iron. However, it may also be a warning sign of blood loss in your body that may be causing you to be deficient in iron. If you're told that you can't donate blood because of low hemoglobin, consult your doctor about what steps you need to take to remedy the condition.
     
    If you have a family history of an inherited anemia, such as sickle cell anemia, talk to your doctor about it. Be aware that you can pass this condition on to your children.
     
    ANEMIA TREATMENT
    Reference: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/anemia.html#cat5
     
    Articles related to Anemia: IRON – An Essential Nutrient
     
    Top Ten Foods – At A Glance
  • Top Ten Foods That Are Rich In Iron
  • Top Ten Foods That Are Rich In Folate / Folic Acid
     
    Contact a NutritionVista Dietitian Today - If you suffer from Anemia, our dietitians can customize your diet to include foods that are rich in iron while helping you balance your diet and nutritional intake.
     
     
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