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Risk Factors Of Stroke

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What is MY risk Of Stroke?
There are many risk factors of stroke. Several of these risk factors of stroke can also increase your chances of having a heart attack.
 
Risk factors of stroke include:
  1. Family history: Your risk of stroke is slightly greater if a parent or sibling has had a stroke or TIA.
  2. Age: Your risk of stroke increases with age.
  3. Sex: Stroke affects both men and women equally, but women die of stroke more often than men.
  4. Race & Ethnicity: Indians are at greater risk of stroke than are people of other races. This is partly due to a higher prevalence of diabetes and hypertension.
  5. High blood pressure (hypertension): High blood pressure is a risk factor for both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes as it weakens and perhaps even damages blood vessels in the brain
  6. Elevated blood cholesterol: High levels of (LDL) cholesterol, the "bad" cholesterol, may increase the risk of stroke because of atherosclerosis of the arteries. High levels of triglycerides, may also increase the risk of stroke due to atherosclerosis. On the other hand, high levels of (HDL) cholesterol, the "good" cholesterol, reduces the risk of stroke from atherosclerosis by filtering out the cholesterol through the liver.
  7. Cigarette smoking: Smokers are at a greater risk of stroke than nonsmokers as smoking contributes to plaque buildup in the arteries. Nicotine also increases the heart rate and blood pressure.
  8. Diabetes: Diabetes is a significant risk factor for stroke. When you have diabetes, your body is unable to handle glucose appropriately and process fats efficiently. These diabetes side effects increase the risk of developing atherosclerosis. Diabetes also prevents the easy break down of blood clots, thereby increasing the risk of getting an ischemic stroke.
  9. Obesity: Being overweight increases the risk of developing high blood pressure, heart disease, atherosclerosis and diabetes - all of which increase your risk of a stroke.
  10. Cardiovascular disease: Several cardiovascular diseases can increase your risk of a stroke - congestive heart failure, history of heart attack, a heart valve infection, an abnormal heart rhythm, mitral valve disease, or a hole in the heart. Atrial fibrillation is the most common condition associated with strokes
  11. Elevated homocysteine level: People with elevated levels of homocysteine have a higher risk of heart and blood vessel damage.
Other factors that can increase your risk of stroke include heavy or binge drinking, the use of illicit drugs such as cocaine, and uncontrolled stress.
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